ACIS-S FI Chips: CTI Criteria for HETG Use


 - FI devices need to detect photons above 0.80 keV.

     o For the MEG spectra, the S1 chip takes over from FIs
       at ~0.85 keV.  For HEG spectra, S5 covers down
       to ~0.8 keV before falling off the chip.  There is a
       bright/useful Fe line at 0.826 keV (15.012 A).
       So, all things considered, FI performance to 0.8 keV
       is highly desirable.

     o For reference see also the figure:

 - FI devices need energy resolution E/dE ~ 2 (TBR).

     o As the HR1099 point source plot above shows, excluding
       the 2nd and higher orders in the HEG and MEG spectra
       can be done with relatively crude E/dE.  The 2nd and
       higher orders need only be excluded to some fraction of
       the first order flux.  In order to be able to estimate
       2nd order effects we need to i) be able to measure 2nd
       order distribution intensity and ii) calibrate 2nd order
       relative efficiency.  Even crude ACIS-S energy resolution
       will go a long way in helping with order sorting.

     o Assuming the rough relation:

           E / dE ~=~ 1.7 / (CTI x CHIPY)

       and requiring an E/dE value of 2.0 at CHIPY ~ 850 gives a
       maximum OK value of CTI of:  10 x 10^-4 .
       [Added 11/27/99 dd]       

     o Examples of PHA distributions relevant to order sorting
       are shown here.  These are essentially a vertical slice
       through the Grating-E - ACIS-E plots.  First, second
       and third orders are generally visible.  Gaussians with
       E/dE of 10 and 2 at E_peak, 2E_peak, and 3E_peak are over-
       plotted for reference.  The ACIS Energy is taken directly
       from the REQUEST 187 Level 1 events ENERGY value (uncorrected.)
       The data are from the Day 258 HR1099 observation as in plot above.

 - FI devices need to be calibrated in QE-as-used to 10% (TBR).

     o Some HETGS science relies on accurate flux values
       and ratios.  To be useful, the effective QE of the
       FI devices must be known to 10% or better (TBR).

 - These criteria apply to specific regions of the FI devices.

     o The full extent (1024 rows) of the s-array chips are not
       required by HETG for a point-like source.  The criteria
       apply to photons arriving on the HETG "X" when zero-order
       is placed in YCHIP = row 300 (TBR).  This reduces parallel
       transfers to the framestore area; maximum transfers is then
       less than 600 pixels.
       [ row 300  ~= 
                   250 +     dY zero-order to HEG 0.826 keV line
                    16 +     8" dither amplitude
                    30       15" pointing accuracy               ]

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