Karolen I. Paularena


Telephone: 617/253-5877
Fax: 617/253-0861
email: kip@space.mit.edu
I am a Research Scientist in the Space Plasma Group at the Center for Space Research at MIT.

My primary research interests are the behavior of the solar wind and the interaction of the solar wind with Earth's magnetosphere. I generally use data from three spacecraft on which my group has experiments: IMP 8, for which I am a Co-Investigator on the MIT plasma experiment, Voyager 2, and WIND, although I am also working with data from a Russian spacecraft, INTERBALL-1.

The IMP 8 Earth-orbiting spacecraft was launched on October, 26, 1973, and has been providing solar wind and magnetosheath data for over a quarter century! It's my favorite spacecraft...

I am a Principal Investigator on two NASA research programs: 1) the Heliospheric Missions Guest Investigator Program, to study the evolution of shocks in the outer heliosphere, and 2) the JURRISS (Joint U.S./Russian Research in Space Science) Program, to study solar wind plasma correlations between various spacecraft. Also, I am a Co-Investigator (Co-I) on two other NASA research projects: 1) comparing ACE and WIND spacecraft data, and 2) a project to produce the definitive IMP 8 bow shock crossing list for the entire 27+ years of the mission. Finally, I am a Co-I on an NSF grant which studies solar wind coupling to Earth's magnetosphere (focusing on IMP 8 magnetosheath data).

I supervise UROP students; I find that they provide good contact with the educational experience here at MIT, offer valuable external insights into my research, and frequently become friends.


Selected Publications (frequently out of date):

Paularena, K. I., and J. H. King, NASA's IMP 8 spacecraft, INTERBALL and ISTP NATO Meeting, NATO ASI Series Volume, D. G. Sibeck and K. Kudela, eds., Kluwer academic publishers b.v., Dordrecht, the Netherlands, in press, 1999.

Paularena, K. I., J. D. Richardson, G. N. Zastenker, and P. A. Dalin, Solar wind correlations: Statistical and case studies, Proceedings of the Ninth International Solar Wind Conference, Nantucket, MA, in press, 1999.

Paularena, K. I., J. D. Richardson, G. N. Zastenker, and P. A. Dalin, Solar wind correlations: Using an L1 monitor successfully, INTERBALL and ISTP NATO Meeting, NATO ASI Series Volume, D. G. Sibeck and K. Kudela, eds., Kluwer academic publishers b.v., Dordrecht, the Netherlands, in press, 1999.

Richardson, J. D., K. I. Paularena, and C. Wang, The solar wind in the outer heliosphere, Proceedings of the Ninth International Solar Wind Conference, Nantucket, MA, in press, 1999.

Zastenker, G. N., M. N. Nozdrachev, J. Safrankova, Z. Nemecek, K. I. Paularena, A. J. Lazarus, R. P. Lepping, T. Mukai, Fast solar wind plasma and magnetic field variations in the magnetosheath, Czechoslovak J. of Phys., 49, 579-590, 1999.

Paularena, K. I., J. D. Richardson, F. Dashevskiy, G. N. Zastenker, and P. A. Dalin, A multi-spacecraft study of solar wind structure at 1 AU, in The Physics of Sun-Earth Plasma and Field Processes, Geophysical Monograph Series, 109, 143-148, 1999.

Kolpak, M. A., K. I. Paularena, J. D. Richardson, and G. L. Siscoe, IMP 8 observations of a poleward plasma circulation: Evidence of entry into the plasma mantle?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 3293-3296, 1998.

Lazarus, A. J., J. W. Belcher, K. I. Paularena, and J. D. Richardson, Voyager 2 solar wind observations in the outer heliosphere, Space Sci. Rev., 83, 87-92, 1998.

Richardson, J. D., and K. I. Paularena, The orientation of plasma structure in the solar wind, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 2097-2100, 1998.

Paularena, K. I., G. N. Zastenker, A. J. Lazarus, and P. A. Dalin, Solar wind plasma correlations between IMP 8, INTERBALL-1 and WIND, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 14,601-14,617, 1998.

Richardson, J. D., F. Dashevskiy, and K. I. Paularena, Solar wind plasma correlations between L1 and Earth, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 14,619-14,629, 1998.

Lazarus, A. J. and K. I. Paularena, A comparison of solar wind parameters from experiments on the IMP 8 and Wind spacecraft, in Measurement Techniques in Space Plasmas, Borovsky, Pfaff, and Young, eds., AGU Geophysical Monograph Series, 102, 85-90, 1998.

Safrankova, J., Z. Nemecek, L. Prech, G. Zastenker, N. Nikolaeva, M. Nozdrachev, A. Skalsky, K. I. Paularena, and T. Mukai, The January 10-11, 1997 magnetic cloud: Multipoint measurement, Geophys. Res. Lett., 1998 (in press).

Paularena, K. I., J. D. Richardson, A. J. Lazarus, G. N. Zastenker, and P. A. Dalin, IMP 8, WIND and INTERBALL Observations of the Solar Wind, Phys. Chem. Earth, 22, 629-637, 1997.

Huterer, D., K. I. Paularena, and A. Szabo, Observation and analysis of selected IMP 8 and WIND bow shock crossings in late 1994, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 19,761-19,772, 1997.

Richardson, J. D., and K. I. Paularena, Streamer belt structure at solar minima, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 1435-1438, 1997.

Paularena, K. I., An investigation into solar wind plasma periodicities, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 27,533-27,542, 1996.

Richardson, J. D. and K. I. Paularena, Meridional flow in the solar wind, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 19,995-20,002, 1996.

Paularena, K. I, J. W. Belcher, J. D. Richardson, G. S. Gordon, Jr., and A. J. Lazarus, Voyager 2 fine-scale velocity oscillations at 48 AU, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 1685-1688, 1996.

Lepidi, S., U. Villante, A. J. Lazarus, A. Szabo, and K. I. Paularena, Observations of bow shock motion during times of variable solar wind conditions, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 11,107-11,123, 1996.

Paularena, K. I., A. Szabo, and J. D. Richardson, Coincident 1.3-year periodicities in the ap geomagnetic index and the solar wind, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 3001-3004, 1995.

Richardson, J. D., K. I. Paularena, A. J. Lazarus, and J. W. Belcher, Evidence for a solar wind slowdown in the outer heliosphere?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 1169-1172, 1995.

Richardson, J. D., K. I. Paularena, A. J. Lazarus, and J. W. Belcher, Radial evolution of the solar wind from IMP 8 to Voyager 2, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 325-328, 1995.

Cairns, I. H., D. H. Fairfield, R. R. Anderson, V. E. H. Carlton, K. I. Paularena, and A. J. Lazarus, Unusual locations of Earth's bow shock on 24-25 September 1987: Mach number effects, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 47-62, 1995.

Richardson, J. D., K. I. Paularena, J. W. Belcher, and A. J. Lazarus, Solar wind oscillations with a 1.3 year period, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 1559-1560, 1994.

Paularena, K. I. and A. J. Lazarus, Comment on "Intercalibration of solar wind instruments during the International Magnetospheric Study" by S. M. Petrinec and C. T. Russell, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 14777-14778, 1994.

Other on-line publications from the group are also available.