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On-Orbit Data and Fits

Although the detailed comparison of grating LSF models to flight data properly belongs with the calibration and IPI teams, it is instructive to compare the initial LSF library data to actual flight data. Calibration observations of the star Capella are presented below for the HETG + ACIS-S and for the LETG + HRC-S. Observations of Capella (Obsids 1103, 1235, 1318 are merged for a total of $\sim$ 88ksec with plus and minus orders added) are fit with a Gaussian convolved with the RMF (Gaussian fits) and are shown at the top of the page in the following plots and with a $\delta $-function convolved with the RMF ($\delta $-function fits) and are shown in the lower part of the page. The Capella data for LETG is from obsid 1167 and has an approximate observation time of 15.2 ksec. The LETG data is fit using the RMF's described in §2.


   
Figure 14: The Capella data for the MgXII line at 8.42Åfor HEG +1 and -1 is plotted as the crosses while the Gaussian fit is shown as the solid line. The lower panel shows the residuals of the fit.
Figure: The Capella data for the MgXII line at 8.42Å for HEG +1 and -1 is plotted as the crosses while the solid line shows the $\delta $-function fit. The lower panel shows the residuals of the fit.

\psfig{file=Cap_heg_comb_gauss_MgXII_8.42.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=-90}




\psfig{file=Cap_heg_comb_delta_MgXII_8.42.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=-90}



   
Figure 16: The Capella data for the Si line at 6.18Å, otherwise this is the same as fig 14.
Figure: The Capella data for the Si line at 6.18Å with the $\delta $-function fit plotted as the solid line, otherwise this is the same as fig 15.

\psfig{file=Cap_heg_comb_gauss_SiXIV_6.18.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=-90}




\psfig{file=Cap_heg_comb_delta_SiXIV_6.18.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=-90}



   
Figure: The Capella data for the OVIII Ly$\alpha $ line at 18.97Å for MEG +1 and -1 is plotted as the crosses while the Gaussian fit is shown as the solid line. The lower panel shows the residuals of the fit.
Figure: The Capella data for the OVIII Ly$\alpha $ line at 18.97Åfor MEG +1 and -1 is plotted as the crosses while the $\delta $-function fit is shown as the solid line. The lower panel shows the residuals of the fit.

\psfig{file=Cap_meg_comb_gauss_OVIII_18.97.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=-90}




\psfig{file=Cap_meg_comb_delta_OVIII_18.97.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=-90}



   
Figure: The Capella data for the Mg XII Ly$\alpha $ line at 8.42Å, otherwise this is the same as fig 18.
Figure: The Capella data for the Mg XII Ly$\alpha $ line at 8.42Å with the $\delta $-function fit shown as the solid line, otherwise this is the same as fig 18.

\psfig{file=Cap_meg_comb_gauss_MgXII_8.42.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=-90}




\psfig{file=Cap_meg_comb_delta_MgXII_8.42.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=-90}



   
Figure 22: The Capella data for the Si XIV line at 6.18Å, otherwise this is the same as fig 18.
Figure: The Capella data for the Si XIV line at 6.18Å with the $\delta $-function fit plotted as the solid line, otherwise this is the same as fig 18.

\psfig{file=Cap_meg_comb_gauss_SiXIV_6.18.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=-90}




\psfig{file=Cap_meg_comb_delta_SiXIV_6.18.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=-90}



   
Figure: The LETG + HRC-S Capella data for the O VIII Ly$\alpha $ line at 18.97Å. The LETG data are plotted as squares and the model is the solid line.
Figure: The Capella data for the O VIII line at 18.97Å with the $\delta $-function fit plotted as the solid line, otherwise this is the same as fig 24.

\psfig{file=LEG_m1_OVIII_g1.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=0}




\psfig{file=LEG_m1_O8_delta.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=0}



   
Figure: The LETG + HRC-S Capella data for the O VIII Ly$\alpha $ line at 93.93Å. The LETG data are plotted as squares and the model is the solid line.
Figure: The Capella data for the Fe XVIII line at 93.93Å with the $\delta $-function fit plotted as the solid line, otherwise this is the same as fig 26.

\psfig{file=LEG_m1_FeXVIII_g1.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=0}




\psfig{file=LEG_m1_FeXVIII_delta.ps,height=3.5in,width=5.in,angle=0}


In general, the RMF's allow accurate fitting to done with the data from the gratings. The HEG data for the Mg XII line shows no evidence of being more extended than the LSF at that energy (see figure 14 and 15). The data for the Si XIV line (figure 16 and 17 ) shows some evidence for a more complex structure and there may be a weak line in the wings of the Si line at higher energy. When fitting the line with a Gaussian the $\chi ^2$ was reduced by 2.5 for 16 degrees of freedom from the fit using the $\delta $-function and is not significant (see fig 17). So both of these lines are well fit using the existing HEG RMF data.

The MEG data for Capella has significantly more counts than the HEG data and therefor should be more sensitive to an extended component in the wings. Figure 18 shows the O VIII Ly$\alpha $ line fit with a Gaussian and the redidual plot (lower panel) shows excess counts in the core and in the wings. This can also be seen in the 1$\mu $m fits (see figure 6). This same effect can also be seen in the fit with just the LSF (figure 19). As the spectral resolution decreases with decreasing wavelength the MEG data shows less of a need for an extended Gaussian component (Figure 20, 21, 22, and 23). The data for the Si XIV line is consistent with the LSF.

The LETG data for Capella along with the fits and residuals for Oxygen VIII Ly-$\alpha $ at 18.97Å and for Fe XVIII at 93.93Å are shown in figures 24, 25, 26, 26. For both of these lines the $\delta $-function fits are broader than the fits with a Gaussian profile. The core of the line seems to be well represented by the $\delta $-function convolved with the RMF of the instrument but the wings are not well fit with this model (see figures 25, 23).

In summary the current RMFs can be used successfully to fit flight data from the HETG aboard Chandra. Some care must be taken not to over-interpret the data low energies (high spectral resolution) given That the current RMF's have large residuals in that region. At higher energies the current RMF's provide an excellent fit to the data. For the LETG data the wings of the LSF are significant and slightly broader than the Gaussian model in the current RMF's. So any model fitting with the current RMF's for the LETG data will generate fairly substantial residuals in the wings of the lines.


next up previous
Next: LSF Tools Up: No Title Previous: Encircled Energy
David Davis
2000-02-24